Plasma Physics: Applications

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Duration
32 часа курса
О курсе

This physics course, taught by world-renowned experts in the field, will provide you with an overview of applications in plasma physics. From the study of far distant astrophysical objects, over diverse applications in industry and medicine, to the ultimate goal of sustainable electricity generation from nuclear fusion.

In the first part of this course, you will learn how nuclear fusion powers our Sun and the stars in the Universe. You will explore the cyclic variation of the Sun’s activity, how plasma flows can generate large-scale magnetic fields, and how these fields can reconnect to release large amounts of energy, manifested, for instance, by violent eruptions on the Sun.

The second part of this course discusses the key role of plasma applications in industry and introduces the emerging field of plasma medicine. You will learn in detail how plasmas are generated and sustained in strong electric fields, why plasmas are indispensable for the manufacturing of today’s integrated circuits, and what the prospects are of plasma treatments in cancerology, dentistry and dermatology.

In the third and most extensive part of this course, you will familiarize yourself with the different approaches to fusion energy, the current status, and the necessary steps from present-day experimental devices towards a fusion reactor providing electricity to the grid. You will learn about the key ingredients of a magnetic fusion reactor, how to confine, heat, and control fusion plasmas at temperatures of 100 million degrees Kelvin, explore the challenges of plasma wall interactions and structural materials, and the importance of superconductivity.

Finally, in the fourth part of this course, you will learn about laser-created plasmas and the interaction between plasmas and high-power laser pulses. Applications range from energy production by thermonuclear fusion to laboratory astrophysics, creation of intense sources of high-energy particle and radiation beams, and fundamental studies involving high-field quantum electrodynamics.

To enjoy this course on plasma applications, it is recommended to first familiarize yourself with the plasma physics basics taught in Plasma Physics: Introduction.

Программа
Plasma Physics: Applications
Learn about plasma applications from nuclear fusion powering the sun, to making integrated circuits, to generating electricity.
Что Вы изучите?
  • Different applications of plasmas
  • Understanding of the fusion energy challenge, and acquisition of the basis for developing an overall vision of the different R&D elements
  • Understanding of the main plasma societal applications and relevant tools
  • Vision and appreciation of the importance of plasmas in space and astrophysics
  • By solving problems in course content, you will acquire some basic knowledge of MATLAB programming
Лекторы
Ambrogio Fasoli
Ambrogio Fasoli
Director of the Swiss Plasma Center EPFL
After obtaining his PhD at EPFL with a thesis on chaos in plasmas, Prof. Fasoli moved to JET in 1993 to investigate burning plasma physics and participate in the fusion power record experiments. In 1998 he joined the MIT Physics Department as Assistant Professor and in 2001 he was nominated Assistant Professor at EPFL and Professeur Boursier of the Swiss National Science Foundation, leading the TCV tokamak and the CRPP basic plasma physics groups. In 2005 he became Associate Professor, in 2007 Executive Director of CRPP and in 2008 Full Professor of Physics at EPFL. From 2010 through 2014 he chaired the EPFL Physics Strategic Committee and was a member of the Directorate of the EPFL School of Science. Prof. Fasoli is the Director of the Swiss Plasma Center, the chair of the FuseNet Academic Council, the Editor-in-Chief of the Nuclear Fusion journal, and is a Fellow of the American Physical Society.
Paolo Ricci
Paolo Ricci
Associate Professor EPFL
Paolo Ricci earned his master’s degree in Nuclear Engineering at the Politecnico di Torino and his doctoral studies were conducted at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. He spent two-and-a-half years as a postdoctoral researcher at Dartmouth College. In 2006, he joined the SPC, as a EURATOM fellow, and was named Tenure Track Assistant Professor in June 2010, and Associate Professor in August 2016. He is at the head of the SPC theory group.
Alan Howling
Alan Howling
Senior Scientist, Basic Plasma Physics and Applications EPFL
Alan Howling obtained a Master in the Science and Application of Electric Plasmas at Oxford University, with his doctoral work at Culham Laboratory. In 1989, he co-founded the Industrial Plasma Applications group with Dr. Hollenstein. He is currently a senior scientist in the group of Dr. Furno for Basic Plasma Physics and Applications, also at the EPFL.
Christian Theiler
Christian Theiler
Tenure Track Assistant Professor in Plasma Physics EPFL
Christian Theiler obtained his master’s degree in physics from ETH Zurich and his PhD from EPFL. After a two-year postdoctoral research position at MIT’s Alcator C-Mod tokamak, he returned to EPFL as a EUROfusion fellow. In July 2016, he has been named Tenure Track Assistant Professor in Plasma Physics at EPFL. His research focuses on experimental edge and divertor physics, primarily on the TCV tokamak.
Duccio Testa
Duccio Testa
Experimental Plasma Physics EPFL
Duccio Testa earned his master’s degree in Physics at the University of Torino, Italy, and his PhD at Imperial College, London. After four years as a post-doctoral fellow at MIT, he joined EPFL where he now mostly works on experimental plasma physics, with a specific focus on the interaction between fast ions, waves and turbulence, and on the operation of the TCV tokamak.
Ivo Furno
Ivo Furno
Adjunct Professor EPFL
Ivo Furno earned his master’s degree in nuclear engineering at the Politecnico di Torino, Italy and his Ph.D. from the EPFL. He was postdoctoral fellow at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Today he’s Adjunct Professor at EPFL leading the Basic Plasma Physics and Applications group at the Swiss Plasma Center. He’s interested in experimental plasma physics and industrial applications of plasmas.
Jean-Philippe Hogge
Jean-Philippe Hogge
Senior scientist, Gyrotron Development Group EPFL
Jean-Philippe Hogge received the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics from EPFL. He spent then two years at MIT as a post-doctoral fellow and is now permanently employed at CRPP. His domain of expertise covers mainly the development of high power microwave sources for Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating.
François Amiranoff
François Amiranoff
Directeur de Recherche CNRS LULI (Laboratoire d’Utilisation des Lasers Intenses)
François Amiranoff obtained his master’s degree at Ecole Polytechnique in Paris France and his PhD from Université Paris-Sud Orsay. He spent one year in Max-Planck Institute für Quantenoptik in Garching, Germany before entering CNRS in France in 1981. François Amiranoff spent most of his career as a scientist working on laser-generated plasmas at high intensity and their applications in LULI (Laboratoire d'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses - Ecole Polytechnique - Palaiseau - France). After many years as an experimentalist, he became director of LULI in 2003 and responsible of the project APOLLON, a 10 PW laser facility, in 2011. From 2015, he is a member of the theoretical and numerical group of the laboratory and works on several aspects of laser-generated plasmas with applications in laser fusion, astrophysics, the physics of the solar wind and high-field QED.
Caterina Riconda
Caterina Riconda
Physics professor Sorbonne Université
Caterina Riconda obtained her PhD in 1996 at the Massachussetts Institute of Technology. After one year fellowship at the Joint European Torus, she was in Ecole Polytechnique, France with a TMR Marie Curie grant, and in CEA, Saclay. Since 2003 she's faculty in the University. First in the Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications (CELIA), University of Bordeaux 1, and since 2007 in the Laboratoire Utilisation Lasers Intenses (LULI), Sorbonne University in Paris. Her main interests of research are theory and simulation in laser plasma interaction.
Thierry Dufour
Thierry Dufour
Associate professor Sorbonne Université
Thierry Dufour, PhD from “Cold atmospheric plasmas” LPP UMR7648, UPMC-CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, is associate professor at the Sorbonne Université, at Paris. TD defended his PhD in November 2009 at the University of Orleans (France) and then became full time post-doctoral researcher at the CHANI group (University of Brussels, ULB). His researches cover a large spectrum of cold atmospheric plasmas topics : plasma polymer functionalization, organometallics and colloids in plasma phase, plasma CO2 & syngas production, micro-plasmas, … In 2015, he became Associate Professor at UPMC where he teaches in two faculties : Engineering (919) and Physics (925). In 2016, he received his HDR (French research supervisor accreditation). Since then, his research works are achieved at LPP where his main areas of interest are plasma medicine, plasma agriculture as well as plasma-liquid interactions.
Платформа
EdX
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